Legal Alerts/Details

Supreme Court Grants Certiorari to Determine Whether the Bankruptcy Code Waives Sovereign Immunity of Native American Tribes

January 20, 2023
Footnotes:
  1. Petition for Writ of Certiorari at (i), Lac Du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians et al. v. Coughlin, No. 22-227 (September 8, 2022) (“QUESTION PRESENTED: “Whether the Bankruptcy Code expresses unequivocally Congress’s intent to abrogate the sovereign immunity of Indian tribes.”). A copy of the Petition for Writ of Certiorari can be obtained at:  https://www.supremecourt.gov/DocketPDF/22/22-227/237363/20220908121718702_No__PetitionForWrit.pdf.

  2. In re Coughlin, 33 F.4th 600, 608 (1st Cir. 2022), cert. granted sub nom. Lac du Flambeau Band v. Coughlin, No. 22-227, 2023 WL 178401 (U.S. Jan. 13, 2023).

  3. Krystal Energy Co. v. Navajo Nation, 357 F.3d 1055, 1061 (9th Cir. 2004).

  4. In re Greektown Holdings, LLC, 917 F.3d 451, 460- 61 (6th Cir. 2019), cert. dismissed sub nom. Buchwald Cap. Advisors LLC v. Sault Ste. Marie Tribe, 140 S. Ct. 2638 (2020).

  5. Petition for Writ of Certiorari at 28.

  6. Id. at 2.

  7. Brief of the Native American Financial Services Association as Amicus Curiae in Support of Petitioners at 4, Lac Du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians et al. v. Coughlin, No. 22-227 (October 12, 2022). A copy of this Brief can be obtained at: https://www.supremecourt.gov/DocketPDF/22/22-227/242921/20221012105102551_22-227%20NAFSA%20Amicus%20Brief%20Final.pdf.

  8. Brief on Behalf of Amici Curiae Professors of Federal Indian Law in Support of Petitioners at 6, Lac Du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians et al. v. Coughlin, No. 22-227 (October 12, 2022). A copy of this Brief can be obtained at: https://www.supremecourt.gov/DocketPDF/22/22-227/243000/20221012172148408_No.%2022-227%20Amici%20Curiae%20Professors%20of%20Federal%20Indian%20Law.pdf. 

  9. The “unequivocal expression requirement” is a “well-established rule of construction upon which Congress may rely to support the goals of its longstanding Tribal self-determination policy.” Id. at 3.  “Unless Congress 'unequivocally' express[es]’ the intent to abrogate Tribal sovereign immunity, the federal courts will not construe a statute to abrogate it.” Id. at 2 (citing Michigan v. Bay Mills Indian Cmty., 572 U.S. 782, 790 (2014)).

  10. Id. at 2. 

  11. Brief in Opposition at 12, Lac Du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians et al. v. Coughlin, No. 22-227 (November 8, 2022). A copy of the Brief in Opposition can be obtained at: https://www.supremecourt.gov/DocketPDF/22/22-227/246011/20221108112102771_Coughlin%20BIO%20-%20Lac%20duc%20Flambeau%20-%20No.%2022-227.pdf. 

  12. Id. at 12. 

  13. Id.

  14. Bill Rochelle, Rochelle’s Daily Wire, AMERICAN BANKRUPTCY INSTITUTE (January 18, 2023), https://www.abi.org/newsroom/daily-wire/supreme-court-to-hear-two-more-bankruptcy-cases-this-term. 


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