Short-Term Deferral Day is Right Around the Corner

Section 409A, the provision of the Internal Revenue Code that regulates the time and form of payment of nonqualified deferred compensation, contains a helpful exception for “short-term deferrals.”  Specifically, Section 409A provides that a payment will not be considered nonqualified deferred compensation if the employer makes the payment on or prior to the 15th day of the third month following the end of the employee’s (or, if later, the employer’s) taxable year in which the employee’s right to the payment vests.  For individuals and for employers with calendar fiscal years, the key date for purposes of the short-term deferral exception is March 15th (a little less than two weeks from today). Read More ›

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Certain Information Statements for ISOs and ESPPs Due by January 31, 2018

As reported in Part 3 of our 2016 End of Year Plan Sponsor “To Do” List, Section 6039 of the Code requires employers to provide a written information statement to each employee or former employee and file information returns with the IRS regarding: (1) the transfer of stock pursuant to the exercise of an Incentive Stock Option (“ISO”); and (2) the first transfer by the employee or former employee of stock purchased at a discount under an Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”).  For ISO exercises and ESPP transfers occurring in 2017, the Section 6039 employee information statement requirement is satisfied by providing Form 3921 (for ISOs) and Form 3922 (for ESPPs) to employees no later than January 31, 2018 Read More ›

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Reminder that Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Deferral Elections for 2018 Must be Made on or Before December 31, 2017

As we approach the end of 2017, we want to remind employers and employees to take action before year end if they desire to defer compensation that will be earned during 2018.  As a general rule, Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code requires that compensation deferrals under a nonqualified deferred compensation plan be made before the year in which the underlying services are performed. There are some exceptions to this general rule, but Section 409A imposes strict requirements on the timing of compensation deferral elections and that most deferrals of compensation that will be earned in 2018 must be made on or before December 31, 2017. Read More ›

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Say on Pay Failure Results 2017

Of the 7% of Russell 3000 companies that received “against” vote recommendations from ISS on their say on pay proposals this 2017 proxy season, some of the cited reasons for the negative vote recommendations from ISS consisted of the following:

  • Pay for failure (i.e., pay for performance disconnect).
  • Lack of rigorous performance goals.
  • A substantial portion of granted equity awards were not performance-based.
  • Presence of an ISS “problematic pay practice” including:
    • Abnormally large bonus payments without proper link to performance.
    • Change in control payments exceed 3 times base salary/target bonus.
    • Single trigger change in control or severance payments.

A full list of the ISS “problematic pay practices” can be found here. Read More ›

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Fiduciary Rule to Go Into Effect but DOL Provides Temporary Non-Enforcement Policy

As reported in our April 18th blog, the Department of Labor (“DOL”) officially delayed the applicability of the Fiduciary Rule for 60 days, until June 9, 2017.  Given the multiple delays leading up to the proposed June 9th date and President Trump’s February 3rd executive memorandum calling for a full examination of the impact of the Fiduciary Rule, some questioned whether the Rule would be further delayed.  However, on Monday, DOL Secretary Alexander Acosta wrote the DOL has “found no principled legal basis to change the June 9 date while we seek public input” and “[r]espect for the rule of law leads us to the conclusion that this date cannot be postponed.”  

Although the new definition of the term “fiduciary” will become applicable on June 9th, certain provisions of the Rule will be phased in over time, with a full compliance date scheduled for January 1, 2018.  Read More ›

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Public Companies Should Consider Shareholder Reapproval of Section 162(m) Performance Compensation Plans Approved in 2012

As public companies continue to prepare for the 2017 proxy season, we wanted to provide a final reminder of an executive compensation related item that might require shareholder approval in 2017.  As reported in Part 1 of our End of Year Plan Sponsor “To Do” Lists, Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code limits the deduction a public company may take for compensation payable to “covered employees” to $1,000,000 per year. “Performance-based compensation” that meets the requirements of Section 162(m) is not subject to this limitation. The Section 162(m) regulations require that, if the Compensation Committee has the discretion to select among a variety of performance goals, those goals must be reapproved by shareholders every five years.  Read More ›

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Certain Information Statements for ISOs and ESPPs Due by January 31, 2017

As reported in Part 1 of our 2016 End of Year Plan Sponsor “To Do” List, Section 6039 of the Code requires employers to provide a written information statement to each employee or former employee and file information returns with the IRS regarding: (1) the transfer of stock pursuant to the exercise of an Incentive Stock Option (“ISO”); and (2) the first transfer by the employee or former employee of stock purchased at a discount under an Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”).  For ISO exercises and ESPP transfers occurring in 2016, the Section 6039 employee information statement requirement is satisfied by providing Form 3921 (for ISOs) and Form 3922 (for ESPPs) to employees no later than January 31, 2017Read More ›

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Settlement of Calma v. Templeton Provides Guidance on Setting Director Pay

In response to recent lawsuits by the plaintiffs’ bar, I have previously posted about why public company employers may wish to consider adding a separate annual limit on non-employee director equity awards. Just last month the Delaware Chancery Court approved a settlement of Calma v. Templeton, a case in which Calma challenged the size of director equity awards granted under Citrix’s shareholder-approved equity compensation plan.  Among other things, the settlement provides what some practitioners believe to be a reasonable framework for structuring director compensation programs on a go-forward basis.  Key provisions of the settlement are as follows:

  • Citrix agreed to amend its equity compensation plan to incorporate a $795,000 cap on the value of equity awards that may be granted to any one non-employee director in any one year. 
Read More ›
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IRS Finalizes Regulations Simplifying 83(b) Filing Requirements

On July 23rd of last year, I blogged on a set of proposed regulations eliminating the requirement that a taxpayer attach a copy of his or her Section 83(b) election to their individual tax return.  This July, the IRS made the proposed rule final and the final regulations eliminate the requirement that a taxpayer attach a copy of their Section 83(b) election to their tax return for the year in which the restricted property was transferred. This change should be welcomed by taxpayers who file electronic federal tax returns because commercial software does not consistently allow taxpayers to attach a copy of the Section 83(b) election to an electronically filed return. Read More ›

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Changes to Accounting Rules Alter Approach to Share-Based Withholding

Earlier this year the Financial Accounting Standards Board released Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-09 (the “ASU”) to improve the accounting treatment of certain stock-based compensation payments.  Among other updates, the ASU modifies the manner in which employers withhold on stock-based compensation awards. 

Under the current accounting rules, one requirement for favorable equity (rather than liability) accounting treatment is that the employer limit the amount it can withhold in connection with stock-based withholding to the minimum statutory amount necessary to satisfy taxes.  The ASU provides that equity accounting treatment will be retained if an employer withholds at the maximum statutory amount necessary to satisfy taxes (or allows the employee to elect his or her withholding rate as long as the elected rate does not exceed the maximum statutory rate in the employees’ applicable jurisdiction).  Read More ›

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